[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 10, Issue 40 (2019) ::
joc 2019, 10(40): 45-54 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Fertilization Indices and Stress Response of Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) in Different Temperatures
Mohammad Hossein Khanjani Dr , Gholamreza Ghaedi
Assistant Professor, Department of Fisheries Science and Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Jiroft, Jiroft, Iran , m.h.khanjani@ujiroft.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1178 Views)
Abstract
Temperature is one of the important factors influencing the growth and reproduction of aquatic animals. In this research, the effect of temperature on fertilization indices and stress response of rainbow trout was investigated. Two treatments of temperature, 14.5 and 17.2°C in three replications were considered. Rainbow trout eggs (average weight of 81.30 ± 1.91 mg) with a density of 5000 eggs were stocked per each trough and were exposed to different temperatures until hatching stage. According to the results, it was found that the duration of eyed and hatching stages was shortened with increasing the temperature, and also the percentage of hatching and active swimming decreased. The values of 32.66% and 30% were obtained for hatching and active larvae, respectively, at 17.2 °C, which showed significant difference with another treatment. Responses to the stress of temperature in the early stages of the egg were not noticeable, but the effect of stress on embryos grown at various temperatures caused differences in the response of cortisol to stress at the hatchery stage, which led to an increase in the cortisol level at hatching compared to eyed-stage. When the fish are exposed to stress in the embryonic period, the delayed response of cortisol to stress does not occur immediately after hatching. Finally, the results indicate that the hypothalamus-pituitary- Inter‎renal (HPI) axis is activated at the hatching stage and responds to environmental stresses (as temperature).
Keywords: Fertilization indices, cortisol, stress, embryo, Rainbow trout
Full-Text [PDF 447 kb]   (340 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Marine Biology
Received: 2019/04/16 | Accepted: 2019/06/30 | ePublished: 2020/05/19
References
1. غفاری فارسانی، ح.؛ هدایتی، ع.ا.؛ زارع ندیمی‏بین، ن.؛ عزیزپور، س.؛ شهبازی ناصر آباد، س.، 1395. بررسي تاثير غلظت‏هاي تحت كشنده سم مالاتيون بر پارامترهاي خون شناسي ماهي قزل آلاي(Oncorhynchus mykiss) رنگين كمان، نشریه علمی- پژوهشی اقیانوس شناسی. سال 7. شماره 27: صفحات 9-1.
2. عضدی، م.؛ ابراهیمی، ع.؛ متقی، ا.؛ مرشدی، و.، 1393. بررسی برخی عوامل بیوشیمیایی پلاسمای خون ماهی انگشت قد قزل آلای رنگین کمان در طول دوره های گرسنگی کوتاه مدت، نشریه علمی- پژوهشی اقیانوس شناسی. سال 5. شماره 19: صفحات 59-53.
3. داغستانی، ب.؛ ایمانی، ا.؛ نوری، ف.؛ فرزانه، م.؛ سروی مغانلو، ک.، 1397. اثر ستیهندگی سطوح مختلف آفلاتوکسین ب 1 و زیرالنون جیره غذایی بر فعالیت آنزیم‏های گواری بچه ماهی قزل آلای رنگین کمان (Oncorhynchus mykiss). نشریه علمی- پژوهشی اقیانوس شناسی. سال 9. شماره 36: صفحات 21-13.
4. Aegerter, S.; Jalabert, B., 2004. Effects of post - ovulatory oocyte ageing and temperature on egg quality and on the occurrence of triploid fry in Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture, 231: 59-71. [DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2003.08.019]
5. Applebaum, S.L.; Wilson, C.A.; Holt, G.J.; Nunez, B.S., 2010. the onset of cortisol synthesis and the stress response is independent of changes in CYP11B or CYP21 mRNA levels in larval Red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 165: 269- 276. [DOI:10.1016/j.ygcen.2009.07.003]
6. Auperin, B.; Geslin, M., 2008. Plasma cortisol response to stress in juvenile rainbow trout is influenced by their life history during early development and by egg cortisol content. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 158: 234-239. [DOI:10.1016/j.ygcen.2008.07.002]
7. Barry, T.P.; Malison, J.A.; Held, J.A.; Parrish, J.J., 1995. Ontogeny of the cortisol stress response in larval rainbow trout. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 97: 57-65. [DOI:10.1006/gcen.1995.1006]
8. Barton, B.A., 2002. Stress in fishes: a diversity of responses with particular reference to changes in circulating corticosteroids. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 42: 517-525. [DOI:10.1093/icb/42.3.517]
9. Bernier, N.J.; Peter, R.E., 2001. The hypothalamic-pituitary- internal axis and the control of food intake in teleost fish. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 129B: 639-644. [DOI:10.1016/S1096-4959(01)00360-8]
10. Bozkurt, Y., 2006. The relationship between body condition, sperm quality parameters and fertilization success in Rainbow trout (Oncorhyncus mykiss). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5(4): 284-288
11. Catherine, A., 2004. The Effects of Nutrition on Reproduction in the Eastern Rainbow fish, melanotaenia splendida splendid. For the degree of Master of Science by research in the school of Marine Bioligy and Aquaculture James cook university, 119 p.
12. De Jesus, E.G.; Hirano, T., 1992. Changes in whole body concentrations of cortisol, thyroid hormones and sex steroids during early development of the Chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 85: 55-61. [DOI:10.1016/0016-6480(92)90171-F]
13. De Jesus, E.G.; Hirano, T.; Inui, Y., 1991. Changes in cortisol and thyroid hormone concentrations during early development and metamorphosis in the Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 82: 369-376. [DOI:10.1016/0016-6480(91)90312-T]
14. Falahatkar, B.; Akhavan, S.R.; Efatpanah, I.; Meknatkhah, B., 2012. Primary and secondary responses of a teleostean, Pikeperch Sander lucioperca, and a chondrostean, Persian sturgeon Acipenser persicus juveniles, to handling during transport. North American Journal of Aquaculture, 74: 241-250. [DOI:10.1080/15222055.2012.675988]
15. Falahatkar, B.; Akhavan, S.R.; Ghaedi, G.R., 2013. Egg cortisol response to stress at early stages of development in Persian sturgeon Acipencer persicus. Aquaculture International, 21: 215-223 [DOI:10.1007/s10499-013-9669-y]
16. Feist, G.; Schreck, C.B., 2002. Ontogeny of the stress response in Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 25: 31-40 [DOI:10.1023/A:1019709323520]
17. Fevolden, S.E.; Røed, K.H; Fjalestad, K.T., 2002. Selection response of cortisol and lysozyme in rainbow trout and correlation to growth. Aquaculture, 205: 61-75. [DOI:10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00660-3]
18. Healey,T.P., 1979. The effect of high temperature on the survival of Sacramento River Chinook (King) Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, eggs and fry. Sacramento: California Department of Fish and Game.
19. Hwang, P.P.; Wu, S.M., 1993. Role of cortisol in hypo-osmoregulation in larvae of Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 92: 318-324 [DOI:10.1006/gcen.1993.1168]
20. Hwang, P.P.; Wu, S.M.; Lin, J.H.; Wu, L.S., 1992. Cortisol content of eggs and larvae of teleosts. General and Comparative Endocrinology, l86: 189-196. [DOI:10.1016/0016-6480(92)90101-O]
21. Irwin, S.; Kenny, A.P.; O'Halloran, J.; FitzGerald, R.D.; Duggan, P.F., 1999. Adaptation and validation of a radioimmunoassay kit for measuring plasma cortisol in turbot. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C, 124: 27-31. [DOI:10.1016/S0742-8413(99)00043-2]
22. Iwama, G.K.; Afonso, L.O.B.; Vijayan, M.M., 2005. Stress in fish. In: Evans DH, Claiborne JB (eds) The physiology of fishes, 3rd edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 319-342 PP.
23. Jentoft, S, Aastveit, A.H.; Torjesen, P.A.; Andersen, Ø., 2005. Effects of stress on growth, cortisol and glucose levels in non-domesticated Eurasian perch (Perca fluviatilis) and domesticated Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 141A: 353-358 [DOI:10.1016/j.cbpb.2005.06.006]
24. Jentoft, S, Held, J.A.; Malison, J.A.; Barry, T.P., 2002. Ontogeny of the cortisol stress response in yellow perch (Perca flavescens). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 26: 371-378. [DOI:10.1023/B:FISH.0000009276.05161.8d]
25. Kiilerich, P.; Kristiansen, K.; Madsen, S.S., 2007. Cortisol regulation of ion transporter mRNA in Atlantic salmon gill and the effect of salinity on the signaling pathway. Journal of Endocrinology, 194: 417-427. [DOI:10.1677/JOE-07-0185]
26. King, H.R.; Pankhurst, N.W., 2004. Effect of maintenance at elevated temperature on ovulation and luteinizing hormone releasing hormone analogue responsiveness of female Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar in Tasmania. Aquaculture, 233: 583-597. [DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2003.09.049]
27. Kubokawa, K.; Watanabe, T.; Yoshioka, M.; Iwata, M., 1999. Effects of acute stress on plasma cortisol, sex steroid hormone and glucose levels in male and female sockeye salmon during the breeding season. Aquaculture, 172: 335-349. [DOI:10.1016/S0044-8486(98)00504-3]
28. McCormick, S.D., 2001. Endocrine control of osmoregulation in teleost fish. American Zoologist, 41: 781-794 [DOI:10.1093/icb/41.4.781]
29. McGeer, J.C.; Baranyi, L.; Iwama, G.K., 1991. Physiological responses to challenge tests in six stocks of Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 48: 1761-1771. [DOI:10.1139/f91-208]
30. Mileva, V.R.; Gilmour, K.M.; Balshine, S., 2011. Effects of maternal stress on egg characteristics in a cooperatively breeding fish. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 158A: 22-29. [DOI:10.1016/j.cbpa.2010.08.017]
31. Milla, S.; Wang, N.; Mandiki, S.N.M.; Kestemont, P., 2009. Corticosteroids: friends or foes of teleost fish reproduction? Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 153A: 242-251 [DOI:10.1016/j.cbpa.2009.02.027]
32. Mommsen, T.P.; Vijayan, M.M.; Moon, T.W., 1999. Cortisol in teleosts: dynamics, mechanisms of action, and metabolic regulation. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 9: 211-268 [DOI:10.1023/A:1008924418720]
33. Øverli, Ø.; Sørensen, C.; Kiessling, A.; Pottinger, T.G.; Gjøen, H.M., 2006. Selection for improved stress tolerance in Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) leads to reduced feed waste. Aquaculture, 261: 776-781. [DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.08.049]
34. Pickering, A.D., 1993. Growth and stress in fish production. Aquaculture, 111: 51-63. [DOI:10.1016/B978-0-444-81527-9.50010-5]
35. Pottinger, A.D.; Pickering, T.G.; Hurley, M.A, 1992. Consistency in the stress response of individuals of two strains of Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture, 103: 275-289. [DOI:10.1016/0044-8486(92)90172-H]
36. Pottinger, T.G.; Carrick, T.R., 1999. Modification of the plasma cortisol response to stress in rainbow trout by selective breeding. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 116: 122-132. [DOI:10.1006/gcen.1999.7355]
37. Pottinger, T.G.; Mosuwe, E., 1994. the corticosteroidogenic response of brown and rainbow trout alevins and fry to environmental stress during a 'critical period'. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 95: 350-362 [DOI:10.1006/gcen.1994.1133]
38. Pourhosein, Sarameh, S.; Falahatkar, B.; Azari Takami, G.; Efatpanah, I., 2012. Effects of different photoperiods and handling stress on spawning and reproductive performance of Pikeperch Sander lucioperca. Animal Reproduction Science, 132: 213-222. [DOI:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2012.05.011]
39. Poursaeid, S.; Falahatkar, B.; Mojazi Amiri, B.; Van Der Kraak, G., 2012.Effects of long-term cortisol treatments on gonadal development, sex steroids levels and ovarian cortisol content in cultured Great sturgeon Huso huso. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 163A: 111-119 [DOI:10.1016/j.cbpa.2012.05.202]
40. Quigley, J.T.; Hinch, S.G., 2006. Effects of rapid experimental temperature increases on acute physiological stress and behaviour of stream dwelling juvenile Chinook salmon. Journal of Thermal Biology, 31: 429-441. [DOI:10.1016/j.jtherbio.2006.02.003]
41. Sampath-Kumar, R.; Byers, R.E.; Munro, A.D.; Lam, T.J., 1995. Profile of cortisol during ontogeny of the Asian sea bass, Lates calcarifer. Aquaculture, 132: 349-359. [DOI:10.1016/0044-8486(94)00364-T]
42. Sampath-Kumar, R.; Lee, S.T.; Tan, C.H.; Munro, A.D.; Lam, T.J., 1997. Biosynthesis in vivo and excretion of cortisol by fish larvae. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 277: 337-344. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-010X(19970301)277:4<337::AID-JEZ7>3.0.CO;2-Q [DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1097-010X(19970301)277:43.0.CO;2-Q]
43. Schreck, C.B.; Contreras-Sanchez, W.; Fitzpatrick, M.S., 2001. Effects of stress on fish reproduction, gamete quality, and progeny. Aquaculture, 197: 3-24. [DOI:10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00580-4]
44. Simontacchi, C.; Negrato, E.; Pazzaglia, M.; Bertotto, D.; Poltronieri, C.; Radaelli, G., 2008. Whole-body concentrations of cortisol and sex steroids in White sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus, Richardson 1836) during early development and stress response. Aquaculture International, 17: 7-14 [DOI:10.1007/s10499-008-9174-x]
45. Stouthart, A.J.H.X.; Lucassen, E.C.H.E.T.; van Strien, F.J.C.; Balm, P.H.M.; Lock, R.A.C.; Wendelaar Bonga, S.E., 1998. Stress responsiveness of the pituitary-interrenal axis during early life stages of Common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Journal of Endocrinology, 157: 127-137 [DOI:10.1677/joe.0.1570127]
46. Stratholt, M.L.; Donaldson, E.M.; Liley, N.R., 1997. Stress induced elevation of plasma cortisol in adult female Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch), is reflected in egg cortisol content, but does not appear to affect early development. Aquaculture, 158: 141-153. [DOI:10.1016/S0044-8486(97)00165-8]
47. Szisch, V.; Papandroulakis, N.; Fanouraki, E.; Pavlidis, M., 2005. Ontogeny of the thyroid hormones and cortisol in the Gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 142: 186-192 [DOI:10.1016/j.ygcen.2004.12.013]
48. Tagawa, M.; Suzuki, K.; Specker, J.L., 2000. Incorporation and metabolism of cortisol in oocytes of Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Journal of Experimental Zoology, 485-492. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-010X(20001201)287:7<485::AID-JEZ4>3.0.CO;2-6 [DOI:10.1002/1097-010X(20001201)287:73.0.CO;2-6]
49. Tanck, M.W.T.; Claes, T.; Bovenhuis, H.; Komen, J., 2002. Exploring the genetic background of stress using isogenic progenies of common carp selected for high or low stress-related cortisol response. Aquaculture, 204: 419-434. [DOI:10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00828-6]
50. Vanlandeghem, M.M.; Wahl, D.H.; Suski, C.D., 2010. Physiological responses of largemouth bass to acute temperature and oxygen stressors. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 17: 414-425. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2400.2010.00740.x]
51. Wehrly, K.E.; Wang, L.Z.; Mitro, M., 2007. Field-based estimates of thermal tolerance limits for trout: Incorporating exposure time and temperature fluctuation. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 136: 365-374. [DOI:10.1577/T06-163.1]
52. Wendelaar Bonga, S.E., 1997. The stress response in fish. Physiological Reviews, 77: 591-625 [DOI:10.1152/physrev.1997.77.3.591]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khanjani M H, Ghaedi G. Evaluation of Fertilization Indices and Stress Response of Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) in Different Temperatures. joc. 2019; 10 (40) :45-54
URL: http://joc.inio.ac.ir/article-1-1529-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 40 (2019) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی اقیانوس شناسی Journal of Oceanography
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.1 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4282