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:: Volume 10, Issue 40 (2019) ::
joc 2019, 10(40): 29-38 Back to browse issues page
Numerical Study on the Effects of Climate Change on Sea Surface Temperature in the Persian Gulf
Shirin Farkhani , Nasser Hadjizadeh Zaker Dr
Graduate Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran , s_farkhani@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1002 Views)
Abstract
This paper presents the assessment of effect of climate change on surface temperature of the Persian Gulf, using MIKE three-dimensional numerical model. Parameters such as air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed components, precipitation rate and the sky transparency have been utilized for hydrodynamics simulation of the region. ECMWF data in the Persian Gulf for the period of (1980-2000) and downscaled CORDEX data in RCP 8.5 scenario for the period of (2080-2100), have been implemented to the model. The effect of the climate change on sea surface temperature was evaluated by studying the differences between the average patterns in years 1980-2000 and 2080-2100. The results demonstrate that surface temperature in future; will increase in all seasons. This increment becomes smaller towards the deeper parts of the region. Based on conducted numerical modeling results, it is predicted that the water temperature in future climate, will have the highest increment in summer with the value of 4.6 °C. Spring will have the lowest increment with the value of 3.5°C. It is also predicted that the average sea surface temperature in the Persian Gulf will increase about 4.1 °C in autumn and 3.8°C in winter.
Keywords: Climate change, Persian Gulf, Sea surface temperature, CORDEX, MIKE 3FM
Full-Text [PDF 647 kb]   (257 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Marine Environment
Received: 2020/05/15 | Accepted: 2020/05/15 | ePublished: 2020/05/15
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Farkhani S, Hadjizadeh Zaker N. Numerical Study on the Effects of Climate Change on Sea Surface Temperature in the Persian Gulf. joc. 2019; 10 (40) :29-38
URL: http://joc.inio.ac.ir/article-1-1527-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 40 (2019) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی اقیانوس شناسی Journal of Oceanography
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