[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 8, Issue 32 (winter 2018) ::
joc 2018, 8(32): 31-42 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of the ROMS-SWAN Coupled Model in the Southern Caspian Basin Circulation
Majid Noranian Esfahani , Mahmoodreza Akbarpour Jannat * , Babak Banijamali
, akbarpor@inio.ac.ir
Abstract:   (137 Views)
A coupled ocean-waves COAWST model was employed for simulating the waves and currents along the southern basin of the Caspian Sea. Simulating were carried out using mixed reanalysis/forecast ECMWF ERA-Interim dataset over two layer refined nested grids during 2007-2011. The results were evaluated in coastal area of Guilan province for 2011. Two Komen's formulation for growth of waves due to wind and energy depreciation with whitecapping, JONSWAP formulation for the bed friction, generallength method for vertical mixing and atmospheric bulk forcing were involved in the configuration of the coupled system. The results were implied the agreement of 87% and 73% in deep water and 68% and 78% in shallow area for the significant wave height and wave period and 53% for current speed at the inner shelf. The waves' simulation results from the deep and coastal waters zones indicated the underestimation of the profile only occurred at the beginning of July. The regional and local eddies were found at the SBC. The western alongshore were dominated along the coastal area of SBC, however the local transitional currents were established. 
Keywords: Coastal circulation, Nested grid system, COAWST, ECMWF ERA-Interim, S-coordinate, Caspian Sea.
Full-Text [PDF 101 kb]   (76 Downloads)    
References
1. Arpe, K.; Bengtsson, L.; Golitsyn, G.; Mokhov, I.; Semenov, V.; Sporyshev, P., 2000. Connection between Caspian Sea level variability and ENSO. Geophysical Research Letters, 27(17): 2693-2696.#
2. Beckmann, A.; Haidvogel, D.B., 1993. Numerical simulation of flow around a tall isolated seamount. Part I: Problem formulation and model accuracy. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 23(8): 1736-1753.#
3. Booij, N.; Ris, R.; Holthuijsen, L.H., 1999. A third-generation wave model for coastal regions: 1. Model description and validation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans (1978–2012), 104(C4): 7649-7666.#
4. Fairall, C.W.; Bradley, E.F.; Rogers, D.P.; Edson, J.B.; Young, G.S., 1996. Bulk parameterization of air-sea fluxes for tropical ocean-global atmosphere coupled ocean atmosphere response experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 101(C2): 3747-3764.#
5. Farley Nicholls, J.; Toumi, R.; Budgell, W.P., 2012. Inertial currents in the Caspian Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 39(18).#
6. Hasselmann, K.; Barnett, T., Bouws, E.; Carlson, H.; Cartwright, D.; Enke, K.; Kruseman; P., 1973. Measurements of wind-wave growth and swell decay during the Joint North Sea Wave Project (JONSWAP). Ergänzungsheft, 8-12P.#
7. Haney, R.L., 1991. On the pressure gradient force over steep topography in sigma coordinate ocean models. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 21(4): 610-619. #
8. Hartgerink, P., 2005. Analysis and modelling of wave spectra on the Caspian Sea. TU Delft, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands, 214P.#
9. Ibrayev, R.; Özsoy, E.; Schrum, C.; Sur, H., 2010. Seasonal variability of the Caspian Sea three-dimensional circulation, sea level and air-sea interaction. Ocean Science, 6: 311-329.#
10. Komen, G.; Hasselmann, K.; Hasselmann, K., 1984. On the existence of a fully developed wind-sea spectrum. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 14(8): 1271-1285.#
11. Kumar, N.; Voulgaris, G.; Warner, J.C., 2011a. Implementation and modification of a three-dimensional radiation stress formulation for surf zone and rip-current application. Coastal Engineering, 58: 1097-1117.#
12. Kumar, N.; Voulgaris, G.; Warner, J.C., 2011b. Measurements and three-dimensional modeling of nearshore circulation on a South Carolina Beach. Shore & Beach, 79(2): 9.#
13. Marchesiello, P., 2003. Equilibrium structure and dynamics of the California Current System. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33(4): 753-783.#
14. Mazaheri, S.; Kamranzad, B.; Hajivalie, F., 2013. Modification of 32 years ECMWF wind field using QuikSCAT data for wave hindcasting in Iranian Seas. Journal of Coastal Research SI, 65: 344-349.#
15. Matikolaei, J.B.; Bidokhti, A.A.A.; Shiea, M., 2017. Some aspects of the deep abyssal overflow between the middle and southern basins of the Caspian Sea. Ocean Science Discussions, 01: os-2016-87 #
16. Shchepetkin, A.F.; McWilliams, J.C., 2005. The regional ocean modeling system (ROMS): A split-explicit, free-surface, topography-following coordinates oceanic model. Ocean Modeling, 9: 347-404.#
17. Thomas, B.R.; Kent, E.C.; Swail, V.R., 2004. Methods to homogenize wind speeds from ships and buoys. International Journal of Climatology, 25(7): 979-995.#
18. Turuncoglu, U.; Giuliani, G.; Elguindi, N.; Giorgi, F., 2013. Modelling the Caspian Sea and its catchment area using a coupled regional atmosphere-ocean model (RegCM4-ROMS): model design and preliminary results. Geoscientific Model Development, 6(2): 283-299. #
19. Vörösmarty, C.; Fekete, B.; Tucker, B., 1998. Global River Discharge, 1807-1991, V. 1.1 (RivDIS). Data set. Available online [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.#
20. Uchiyama, Y.; McWilliams, J.C.; Shchepetkin, A.F., 2010. Wave current interaction in an oceanic circulation model with vortex-force formalism: Application to the surf zone. Ocean Modelling, 34(1): 16-35. #
22. سازمان بنادر و دریانوردی، 1388. مدل‌سازی امواج دریاهای ایران، جلد اول. سازمان بنادر و دریانوردی. انتشارات سازمان بنادر و دریانوردی، ایران، 241 صفحه.#
23. کمیجانی، ف.؛ چگینی، و.؛ صدری نسب، م.؛ و سیادت موسوی، س.م.، 1395، شبیه سازی الگوی جریان سه بعدی، توزیع دما و شوری سطحی آب در حوضه جنوبی دریای خزر. نشریه مهندسی دریا، سال دوازدهم، شماره 23، صفحات 80-69.#
24. Arpe, K.; Bengtsson, L.; Golitsyn, G.; Mokhov, I.; Semenov, V.; Sporyshev, P., 2000. Connection between Caspian Sea level variability and ENSO. Geophysical Research Letters, 27(17): 2693-2696.# [DOI:10.1029/1999GL002374]
25. Beckmann, A.; Haidvogel, D.B., 1993. Numerical simulation of flow around a tall isolated seamount. Part I: Problem formulation and model accuracy. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 23(8): 1736-1753.# https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1993)023<1736:NSOFAA>2.0.CO;2 [DOI:10.1175/1520-0485(1993)0232.0.CO;2]
26. Booij, N.; Ris, R.; Holthuijsen, L.H., 1999. A third-generation wave model for coastal regions: 1. Model description and validation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans (1978–2012), 104(C4): 7649-7666.#
27. Fairall, C.W.; Bradley, E.F.; Rogers, D.P.; Edson, J.B.; Young, G.S., 1996. Bulk parameterization of air-sea fluxes for tropical ocean-global atmosphere coupled ocean atmosphere response experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 101(C2): 3747-3764.# [DOI:10.1029/95JC03205]
28. Farley Nicholls, J.; Toumi, R.; Budgell, W.P., 2012. Inertial currents in the Caspian Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 39(18).# [DOI:10.1029/2012GL052989]
29. Hasselmann, K.; Barnett, T., Bouws, E.; Carlson, H.; Cartwright, D.; Enke, K.; Kruseman; P., 1973. Measurements of wind-wave growth and swell decay during the Joint North Sea Wave Project (JONSWAP). Ergänzungsheft, 8-12P.#
30. Haney, R.L., 1991. On the pressure gradient force over steep topography in sigma coordinate ocean models. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 21(4): 610-619. # https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1991)021<0610:OTPGFO>2.0.CO;2 [DOI:10.1175/1520-0485(1991)0212.0.CO;2]
31. Hartgerink, P., 2005. Analysis and modelling of wave spectra on the Caspian Sea. TU Delft, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands, 214P.#
32. Ibrayev, R.; Özsoy, E.; Schrum, C.; Sur, H., 2010. Seasonal variability of the Caspian Sea three-dimensional circulation, sea level and air-sea interaction. Ocean Science, 6: 311-329.# [DOI:10.5194/os-6-311-2010]
33. Komen, G.; Hasselmann, K.; Hasselmann, K., 1984. On the existence of a fully developed wind-sea spectrum. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 14(8): 1271-1285.# https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1984)014<1271:OTEOAF>2.0.CO;2 [DOI:10.1175/1520-0485(1984)0142.0.CO;2]
34. Kumar, N.; Voulgaris, G.; Warner, J.C., 2011a. Implementation and modification of a three-dimensional radiation stress formulation for surf zone and rip-current application. Coastal Engineering, 58: 1097-1117.# [DOI:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2011.06.009]
35. Kumar, N.; Voulgaris, G.; Warner, J.C., 2011b. Measurements and three-dimensional modeling of nearshore circulation on a South Carolina Beach. Shore & Beach, 79(2): 9.#
36. Marchesiello, P., 2003. Equilibrium structure and dynamics of the California Current System. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33(4): 753-783.# https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2003)33<753:ESADOT>2.0.CO;2 [DOI:10.1175/1520-0485(2003)332.0.CO;2]
37. Mazaheri, S.; Kamranzad, B.; Hajivalie, F., 2013. Modification of 32 years ECMWF wind field using QuikSCAT data for wave hindcasting in Iranian Seas. Journal of Coastal Research SI, 65: 344-349.# [DOI:10.2112/SI65-059.1]
38. Matikolaei, J.B.; Bidokhti, A.A.A.; Shiea, M., 2017. Some aspects of the deep abyssal overflow between the middle and southern basins of the Caspian Sea. Ocean Science Discussions, 01: os-2016-87 # [DOI:10.5194/os-2016-87]
39. Shchepetkin, A.F.; McWilliams, J.C., 2005. The regional ocean modeling system (ROMS): A split-explicit, free-surface, topography-following coordinates oceanic model. Ocean Modeling, 9: 347-404.# [DOI:10.1016/j.ocemod.2004.08.002]
40. Thomas, B.R.; Kent, E.C.; Swail, V.R., 2004. Methods to homogenize wind speeds from ships and buoys. International Journal of Climatology, 25(7): 979-995.# [DOI:10.1002/joc.1176]
41. Turuncoglu, U.; Giuliani, G.; Elguindi, N.; Giorgi, F., 2013. Modelling the Caspian Sea and its catchment area using a coupled regional atmosphere-ocean model (RegCM4-ROMS): model design and preliminary results. Geoscientific Model Development, 6(2): 283-299. # [DOI:10.5194/gmd-6-283-2013]
42. Vörösmarty, C.; Fekete, B.; Tucker, B., 1998. Global River Discharge, 1807-1991, V. 1.1 (RivDIS). Data set. Available online [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.#
43. Uchiyama, Y.; McWilliams, J.C.; Shchepetkin, A.F., 2010. Wave current interaction in an oceanic circulation model with vortex-force formalism: Application to the surf zone. Ocean Modelling, 34(1): 16-35. # [DOI:10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.04.002]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Noranian Esfahani M, Akbarpour Jannat M, Banijamali B. Evaluation of the ROMS-SWAN Coupled Model in the Southern Caspian Basin Circulation. joc. 2018; 8 (32) :31-42
URL: http://joc.inio.ac.ir/article-1-1219-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 32 (winter 2018) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی اقیانوس شناسی Journal of Oceanography
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.09 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 3638