[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 9, Issue 35 (2018) ::
joc 2018, 9(35): 1-10 Back to browse issues page
Variation of Phytoplankton Composition and Nutrients near the Fish Cage-Culture in the Southern Caspian Sea, Guilan Offshore
Siamak Bagheri , Marzieh Makaremi
, siamakbp@gmail.com
Abstract:   (824 Views)
The Caspian Sea is sensitive to anthropogenic impacts as it is isolated from other seas. The environmental pollutions significantly increased in the last years. The impact of fish cage culture on the phytoplankton community was studied at 3 stations near the cage and 3 control stations in the southern Caspian Sea during January and April 2013. A total of 19 phytoplankton taxa belonging to diatoms (12 species), chlorophytes (2 species), cyanophytes (2 species), and dinoflagellates (3 species) were identified in the study area. The diatoms abundance was dominated (with 86% total abundance). The finding showed that the abundance of exotic species as diatoms Pseudosolenia calcar-avis and Pseudo-nitzschia seriata were dominated in the stations beside the fish cage culture comparing with the control stations. The PCA analysis confirmed significant difference between abundance of phytoplankton in the stations near the fish cage culture and the control stations. Furthermore, CCA analysis confirmed that there were strong relationship between diatoms, cyanophytes and nutrients levels (r = 0.82).
The reason for high phytoplankton abundance and exotic species in the fish cage culture stations could be related to the high nutrients concentrations due to fish nutrition and fecal. This study was performed during a short period, so the effect of fish cage culture on the Caspian Sea ecosystem should be taken into account in the future studies.
Keywords: Fish cage-culture, Phytoplankton, Spatial variation, Guilan offshore, Caspian Sea
Full-Text [PDF 99 kb]   (275 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Marine Environment
Received: 2017/09/19 | Accepted: 2018/04/13 | ePublished: 2018/12/15
1. Afraei Bandpei, M.A.; Nasrolahzadeh, H.; Rahmati, R.; Khodaparast, N.; Keihansani, A., 2016. Examining the effects of fish cage culture on phytoplankton and zooplankton communities in the southern coast of the Caspian Sea (Mazandaran Waters-Kelarabad). American Journal of Life Science Researches, 4(2): 63-68. [DOI:10.20286/ajlsr-040293]
2. Attaran, F.G.; Loghmani, M.; Mirkazehi Rigi, A., 2018. The effect of environmental factors on the abundance of dinoflagellate cysts in sediments of the southeastern coast of Iran in hot and cold seasons. Journal of Oceanography, 9(34): 59-67 [DOI:10.29252/joc.9.34.59]
3. Bagheri, S.; Mansor, M.; Makaremi, M.; Sabkara, J.; Wan-Maznah, W.O.; Mirzajani, A.; Khodaparast, S.H.; Negarestan, H.; Ghandi, A.; Khalilpour, A., 2011. Fluctuations of phytoplankton community in the coastal waters of Caspian Sea in 2006. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8: 1328-1336. [DOI:10.3844/ajassp.2011.1328.1336]
4. Bagheri, S.; Niermann, U.; Sabkara, J.; Babaei, H., 2012a. State of Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophora: Lobata) and mesozooplankton in Iranian waters of the Caspian Sea during 2008 in comparison with previous surveys. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 11: 732-754.
5. Bagheri, S.; Mansor, M.; Turkoglu, M.; Makaremi, M.; Babaei, H., 2012b. Temporal distribution of phytoplankton in the south-western Caspian Sea during 2009-2010: a comparison with previous surveys. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 92: 1243-1255. [DOI:10.1017/S0025315412000094]
6. Bagheri, S.; Mansor, M.; Turkoglu, M.; Wan Maznah, W.O.; Negarestan, H., 2012c. Phytoplankton composition and abundance in the southwestern Caspian Sea. Ekoloji, 83: 32-43. [DOI:10.5053/ekoloji.2012.834]
7. Bagheri, S.; Turkuglo, M.; Abedini, A., 2014. Phytoplankton and nutrient variations in the Iranian waters of the Caspian Sea (Guilan region) during 2003-2004. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14: 231-245. [DOI:10.4194/1303-2712-v14_1_25]
8. Bagheri, S.; Makaremi, M.; Mirzajani, A.; Khodaparast, H., 2016a. The impact of fish cage culture rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) on phytoplankton abundance in the southern Caspian Sea. In: Pourkazemi, M. (Ed.). Proceeding of national conference on the marine fish culture and Sustainable development fish cage culture, Research Centre of Aquaculture, Ahvaz-Iran. 696P.
9. Bagheri, S.; Mirzajani, A.R.; Sabkara, J., 2016b. Preliminary studies on the Impact of Fish cage culture (Raibow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss) on Zooplankton structure in the south-western Caspian Sea. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 15(3): 1202-1213.
10. Borges, P.F.; Train, S.; Dias, J.D.; Bonecker, C.C., 2010. Effects of Fish farming on plankton structure in a Brazilian tropical reservoir. Hydrobiologia, 649: 279-291. [DOI:10.1007/s10750-010-0271-2]
11. Clesceri, L.S.; Greenberg, A.E.; Eaton, A.D. 2005. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. American Public Health Association (APHA) Publication, Washington DC, 1193P.
12. Dias, J.D.; Takahashi, E.M.; Santana, N.F.; Bonecker, C.C., 2011. Impact of fish cage-culture on the community structure of zooplankton in a tropical reservoir. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, Porto Alegre, 101: 75-84. [DOI:10.1590/S0073-47212011000100011]
13. Dumont, H., 1998. The Caspian Lake: history, biota, structure, and function. Limnology and Oceanography, 43: 44-52. [DOI:10.4319/lo.1998.43.1.0044]
14. Guo, L.; Li, Z., 2003. Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus from fish cage-culture on the communities of a shallow lake in middle Yangtze River basin of China. Aquaculture, 226: 201-212. [DOI:10.1016/S0044-8486(03)00478-2]
15. Karpinsky, M.G., 2010. On peculiarities of introduction of marine species into the Caspian Sea. Russian Journal of Biologic al Invasions, 1(1): 7-10. [DOI:10.1134/S2075111710010029]
16. Krebs, C.J., 1994. Ecological methodology. Second edition, U.K: An imprint of Addison Wesley Longman. 620P.
17. Kideys, A.E.; Soydemir, N.; Eker, E.; Vladymyrov, V.; Soloviev, D.; Melin, F., 2005. Phytoplankton distribution in the Caspian Sea during March 2001. Hydrobiologia, 543: 159-168. [DOI:10.1007/s10750-004-6953-x]
18. Kosarev, A.N.; Yablonskaya, E.A., 1994. The Caspian Sea. Russia: SPB Academic Publisher, Moscow, 259P.
19. Islam, M.S.; Tanaka, M., 2004. Impacts of pollution on coastal and marine ecosystems including coastal and marine fisheries and approach for management: a review and synthesis. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48: 624-649. [DOI:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2003.12.004]
20. Islam, S., 2005. Nitrogen and phosphorus budget in coastal and marine cage aquaculture and impacts of effluent loading on ecosystem: review and analysis towards model development. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50: 48-61. [DOI:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2004.08.008]
21. Makhlough, A.; Nasrollahzadeh, H.S.; Eslami F.; Leroy, S.A.G., 2017. Changes in size and form in the dominant phytoplankton species in the southern Caspian Sea. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 16(2): 522-536.
22. Marte, C.L.; Cruz, P.; Flores, E.E.C., 2000. Recent development in freshwater and marine cage aquaculture in the Philippines. In: Liao, I.C., Lin, C.K. (Eds.), Cage Aquaculture in Asia: Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Cage Aquaculture in Asia. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, and World Aquaculture Society - Southeast Asian Chapter, Bangkok, 21-37PP.
23. Mohammadi, G.M.; Solgi, E.; Bozorgpanah, Z., 2017. An assessment of heavy metals in coastal sediments of the Caspian Sea, Guilan Province. Journal of Oceanography, 8(31): 27-34. [DOI:10.29252/joc.8.31.27]
24. Nasrollahzadeh, H.S.; Din, Z.B.; Foong, S.Y.; Makhlough, A., 2008a. Trophic status of the Iranian Caspian Sea based on water quality parameters and phytoplankton diversity. Continental Shelf Research, 28(9): 1153-1165. [DOI:10.1016/j.csr.2008.02.015]
25. Nasrollahzadeh, H.S.; Makhlough, A.; Pourgholam, R.; Vahedi, F.; Qangermeh, A.; Foong, S.Y., 2011. The study of Nodularia spumigena bloom event in the southern Caspian Sea. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 9(2): 141-155. [DOI:10.15666/aeer/0902_141155]
26. Nasrollahzadeh, H.S.; Din, Z.B.; Foonga, S.Y.; Makhlough, A., 2008b. Spatial and temporal distribution of macronutrients and phytoplankton before and after the invasion of the ctenophore, Mnemiopsis leidyi, in the southern Caspian Sea. Journal Chemistry Ecology, 24: 233-246. [DOI:10.1080/02757540802310967]
27. Newell, G.E.; Newell, R.C., 1977. Marine Plankton, a Practical Guide. 5th Ed., Hutchinson, London, 244P.
28. Olsen, L.; Holmer, M.; Olsen, Y., 2008. Perspectives of nutrient emission from fish aquaculture in coastal waters: literature review with evaluated state of knowledge. Report number: 542014, 120P.
29. Parafkandeh, F.; Afraei Bandpei M.A.; Solaimani Rudy, A., 2016. Distribution, abundance and biomass of macrobenthos in the location of fish cage culture in the southern Caspian Sea (Mazandaran water -Kelarabad). Iranian Scientific Fisheries Journal, 25(3): 91-103 (in Persian).
30. Proshkina-Lavrenko, A.I.; Makarova, I.V., 1968. Planktonic algae of Caspian Sea. Sciences publishers, Lelingerad, Russia. 291P (in Russia).
31. Prescott, G.W., 1962. Algae of the western Great Lakes area. Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa. 977P.
32. Round, F.E.; Crawford, R.M.; Mann, D.G., 1990. The diatoms: Biology and morphology of the Genera. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 747P.
33. Sapozhnikov, V.N.; Agativa, A.E.; Arjanova, N.V.; Nalitova, E.A.; Mardosova, N.V.; Zobarowij, V.L.; Bandarikov, E.A., 1988. Methods of hydrochemical analysis of the major nutrients. VNIRO publisher, Moscow, Russia, 150P.
34. Shiganova, T.A.; Musaeva, E.I.; Pautova, L.A.; Bulgakova, Y.V., 2005. The problem of invaders in the Caspian Sea in the context of the findings of new zoo–and phytoplankton species from the Black Sea. Biological Bulletin, 32: 78-87.
35. Smith, V.H.; Tilman, G.D.; Nekola, J.C., 1999. Eutrophication: impacts of excess nutrient inputs on freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. Environmental Pollution, 100: 179-196. [DOI:10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00091-3]
36. Tiffany, L.H.; Britton, M.E., 1971. The algae of illinois. Facsimile Ed. Hansfer Publishing Company, New York, 407P.
37. Valderrama, J.C., 1981. The simultaneous analysis of total nitrogen and total phosphorus in natural waters. Marine Chemistry, 10: 109-122. [DOI:10.1016/0304-4203(81)90027-X]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bagheri S, Makaremi M. Variation of Phytoplankton Composition and Nutrients near the Fish Cage-Culture in the Southern Caspian Sea, Guilan Offshore. joc. 2018; 9 (35) :1-10
URL: http://joc.inio.ac.ir/article-1-1116-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 35 (2018) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی اقیانوس شناسی Journal of Oceanography
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.1 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3879