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:: Volume 7, Issue 27 (2016) ::
joc 2016, 7(27): 59-68 Back to browse issues page
Biodegradation of Crude Oil with Associated Bacteria Isolated from the Native Sponge of the Persian Gulf Dictyonella sp.
Khanomnaz Ebadi, Ali Mohammad Sanati
Abstract:   (2538 Views)

The aim of this study was isolating, purifying and molecular identification of associated bacteria isolated from the native sponge of the Persian Gulf that capable of biodegrading crude oil. Dictyonella sp. was collected by diving from the depth of about 10 meters around the Kharku Island. After isolation and purification of associated bacteria, decomposing activity of isolated bacteria was examined in minimal salt medium with crude oil as the sole Carbone source. In order to obtain the extent of biodegradation, the measurement of dry weight and reading the optical density by spectrophotometer were done. The results showed that all three strains isolated in this research had the ability to biodegrade the crude oil and the highest growth rate was related to KE1. Emulsification index for the three bacteria strains isolated KE1, KE2 and KE4 were not significantly different and were (Mean±SE) 37.5± 0.4, 31.45± 0.6 and 36.55± 0.4 respectively. Based on the measurement of dry weight, KE4 strain significantly broke down the crude oil (75.9%). Molecular identification determined that the most similar strains to KE1, KE2 and KE4 with over 90% similarity were Georgenia satyanarayanaiJC82, Pseudomonas rhodesiaeCIP104664 and Gordonia
terraeATCC25594 respectively.

Keywords: Emulsification index, Dry weight, Spectrophotometer, Kharku, Persian Gulf.
Full-Text [PDF 138 kb]   (923 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Marine Biology
Received: 2017/01/24 | Accepted: 2017/01/24 | ePublished: 2017/01/24
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Ebadi K, Sanati A M. Biodegradation of Crude Oil with Associated Bacteria Isolated from the Native Sponge of the Persian Gulf Dictyonella sp.. joc. 2016; 7 (27) :59-68
URL: http://joc.inio.ac.ir/article-1-1023-en.html

Volume 7, Issue 27 (2016) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی اقیانوس شناسی Journal of Oceanography
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