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:: Volume 8, Issue 31 (Fall 2017) ::
joc 2017, 8(31): 1-9 Back to browse issues page
Contamination and Ecological Assessment of Heavy Metals (Hg, Cd, Pb, Ni, V, Cu) in Surface Sediments of Chabahar Bay
Roozbeh Mirza * , Mazaher Moeinaddini
, roozbeh_mirza@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (699 Views)
The aim of this study was to measure the concentration of heavy metals (Hg, Cd, Cu, Pb, Ni and V) in marine sediments as well as to determine the potential harmful effects of these heavy metals using Combined Pollution Index (CPI) and Potential Ecological Risk Index (PERI) at seven stations in Chabahar Bay. From each station, 3 samples of surface sediments (0-5 cm) were collected using Van Veen Grab and samples were extracted and analyzed according to the standard methods. The concentration levels of measured heavy metals were in the order of V>Ni>Pb>Cu>Cd>Hg . Contamination assessment based on CPI shows that the sediment samples in the study area were heavily contaminated with the CPI>1 except for Pozm Station. The potential ecological risk indices of Pb, Cu, Ni, were lower than 40, which indicated slight potential ecological risk of all stations. The results showed that the ecological risk level of heavy
metals in the sediments of Chabahr Bay were low to very high. 
Keywords: Heavy metals, Ecological risk, Sediments, Chabahar Bay, Oman Sea.
Full-Text [PDF 98 kb]   (217 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
References
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39. Adamo, P.; Arienzo, M.; Imperato, M.; Naimo, D., Nardi, G.; Stanzione, D., 2005. Distribution and partition of heavy metals in surface and sub-surface sediments of Naples city port. Chemosphere, 61: 800-809.#
40. Baptista, J.A.; Smith, B.J.; McAllister, J.J., 2000. Heavy metal concentrations in surface sediments in a nearshore environment, Jurujuba Sound, Southeast Brazil. Environmental Pollution, 109: 1-9.#
41. Casado-Martinez, M.C.; Buceta, J.L.; Belzunce, M.J.; Del Vals, T.A., 2006. Using sediment quality guidelines for dredged material management in commercial ports from Spain. Environment International, 32: 388-396.#
42. Clinton, H.I.; Ujagwung, G.U.; Michael, H., 2008. Trace metals in the tissues and shells of Tympanotonus fuscatus var. radula from the mangrove swamps of the Bukuma Oil Field, Niger Delta. European Journal of Scientific Research, 24: 468-476.#
43. Dauvalter, V.; Rognerud, S., 2001. Heavy metal pollution in sediments of the Pasvik River drainage. Chemosphere, 42: 9-18.#
44. De Mora, S.; Fowler, S.W.; Wyse, E.; Azemard, S., 2004. Distribution of heavy metals in marine bivalves, fish and coastal sediments in the Perisan Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 49: 410-424.#
45. Dehghan, S.M.; Savary, A.; Parham, H.; Sabzalizadeh, S., 2009. Determination of the level of contamination in Khuzestan coastal waters (Northern Persian Gulf) by using an ecological risk index. Environmental Monitoring Assessesment, 159: 521-530.#
46. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency), 1999. The incidence and severity of sediment contamination in surface waters of the United States. EPA- 823-R-007, Washington, DC.#
47. Edward, J.B.; Idowu, E.O.; Oso, J.A.; Ibidapo, O.R., 2013. Determination of heavy metal concentration in fish samples, sediment and water from Odo-Ayo River in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti-State, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis, 1: 27-33.#
48. Fabris, G.J.; Monahan, C.A.; Batley, G.E., 1999. Heavy metals in waters and sediments of Port Phillip Bay, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research, 50: 503-533.#
49. Guo, W.; Liu, X.; Liu, Z.; Li, G., 2010. Pollution and potential ecological risk evaluation of heavy metals in the sediments around Dongjiang Harbor, Tianjin. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 2: 729-736.#
50. Hakanson, L., 1980. An ecological risk index for aquatic pollution control-a sediment logical approach. Water Research, 14: 975-1001.#
51. Javed, M.; Usmani, N., 2012. Toxic effects of heavy metals (Cu, Ni, Fe, Co, Mn, Cr, Zn) to the Haematology of Mastacembelus armatus thriving in Harduaganj Reservoir, Aligarh, India, Global Journal of Medical Research, 12: 59-64.#
52. Kasuba, V.; Rozgaj, R., 2000. Biological effects of cadmium. Periodicum Biologorum, 102: 365-371.#
53. Khaled, A., 2004. Heavy metals concentrations in certain tissues of five commercially important fishes from El-mex Bay, Alexandria, Egypt, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, from El-Mex Bay, Al-Exandria, Egypt, 1- 11PP.#
54. Karbasi, A.R.; Nabi-Bidhendi, Gh.R.; Bayati, I., 2005. Environmental geochemistry of heavy metal in a sediment core off Bushehr, Persian Gulf, Iran. Journal of Environment Health science Engineering, 2: 255-260.#
55. Lionetto, M.G.; R. Caricato, M.E.; Giordano, M.F.; Pascariello, L.; Mar-inosci T.; Schettino., 2003. Integrated use of biomarkers (acetylcholinesterase and antioxidant enzymes activities) in Mytilus galloprovincialis and Mullus barbatus in an Italian coastal marine area. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46:324-330.#
56. Machiwa, J.F., 1992. The anthropogenic pollution in the Dar es Sa-laam harbour are Tanzania. Marine Pollution Bulletine, 24: 562-567.#
57. Mirza, R.; Mohammady, M.; Faghiri, I.; Abedi, E.; Fakhri, A.; Azimi, A.; Zahed, M.A., 2014. Source identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediment samples from the northern part of the Persian Gulf, Iran. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 186: 7387-7398.#
58. Nies, D.H., 1999. Microbial heavy metal resistance. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 51: 730-750.#
59. MOOPAM., 2003. Manual of oceanographic observations and pollutant analyses methods. ROPME. State of the marine environment report. Regional organization for the protection of marine environment, Kuwait, 217P.#
60. ROPME., 1999. Regional report of the state of the marine environment, ROPME/GC-9/002. ROPME, Kuwait, 220P.#
61. Rumisha, C.; Elskens, M.; Leermakers, M.; Kochizus, M., 2012. Trace metal pollution and its influence on the community structure of soft bottom molluscs in intertidal areas of the Dar es Salaam coast, Tanzania. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64: 521-531.#
62. Suzuki, N.; Koizumi, N.; Sano, H., 2001. Screening of cadmium-responsive genes in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Environment, 24: 1177-1188.#
63. Shulkin, V.M.; Presley, B.J., 2003. Metal concentration in mussel Crenomytillus grayanus and oyster Crassostrea gigas in relation to contamination of ambient sediment. Environment International, 29:493-502.#
64. Sidoumou, Z.; Gnassia-Barelli, M.; Siau, Y.; Morton, V.; Rome'o, M., 2006. Heavy metal concentrations in molluscs from the Senegal coast. Environment International, 32: 384-387.#
65. Topcuoglu, S.; Kırbasoglu, C.; Gungor, N., 2002. Heavy metals in organisms and sediments from Turkish coast of the Black Sea. Environment International, 27: 521-526.#
66. Adamo, P.; Arienzo, M.; Imperato, M.; Naimo, D., Nardi, G.; Stanzione, D., 2005. Distribution and partition of heavy metals in surface and sub-surface sediments of Naples city port. Chemosphere, 61: 800-809.#
67. Baptista, J.A.; Smith, B.J.; McAllister, J.J., 2000. Heavy metal concentrations in surface sediments in a nearshore environment, Jurujuba Sound, Southeast Brazil. Environmental Pollution, 109: 1-9.#
68. Casado-Martinez, M.C.; Buceta, J.L.; Belzunce, M.J.; Del Vals, T.A., 2006. Using sediment quality guidelines for dredged material management in commercial ports from Spain. Environment International, 32: 388-396.#
69. Clinton, H.I.; Ujagwung, G.U.; Michael, H., 2008. Trace metals in the tissues and shells of Tympanotonus fuscatus var. radula from the mangrove swamps of the Bukuma Oil Field, Niger Delta. European Journal of Scientific Research, 24: 468-476.#
70. Dauvalter, V.; Rognerud, S., 2001. Heavy metal pollution in sediments of the Pasvik River drainage. Chemosphere, 42: 9-18.#
71. De Mora, S.; Fowler, S.W.; Wyse, E.; Azemard, S., 2004. Distribution of heavy metals in marine bivalves, fish and coastal sediments in the Perisan Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 49: 410-424.#
72. Dehghan, S.M.; Savary, A.; Parham, H.; Sabzalizadeh, S., 2009. Determination of the level of contamination in Khuzestan coastal waters (Northern Persian Gulf) by using an ecological risk index. Environmental Monitoring Assessesment, 159: 521-530.#
73. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency), 1999. The incidence and severity of sediment contamination in surface waters of the United States. EPA- 823-R-007, Washington, DC.#
74. Edward, J.B.; Idowu, E.O.; Oso, J.A.; Ibidapo, O.R., 2013. Determination of heavy metal concentration in fish samples, sediment and water from Odo-Ayo River in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti-State, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis, 1: 27-33.#
75. Fabris, G.J.; Monahan, C.A.; Batley, G.E., 1999. Heavy metals in waters and sediments of Port Phillip Bay, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research, 50: 503-533.#
76. Guo, W.; Liu, X.; Liu, Z.; Li, G., 2010. Pollution and potential ecological risk evaluation of heavy metals in the sediments around Dongjiang Harbor, Tianjin. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 2: 729-736.#
77. Hakanson, L., 1980. An ecological risk index for aquatic pollution control-a sediment logical approach. Water Research, 14: 975-1001.#
78. Javed, M.; Usmani, N., 2012. Toxic effects of heavy metals (Cu, Ni, Fe, Co, Mn, Cr, Zn) to the Haematology of Mastacembelus armatus thriving in Harduaganj Reservoir, Aligarh, India, Global Journal of Medical Research, 12: 59-64.#
79. Kasuba, V.; Rozgaj, R., 2000. Biological effects of cadmium. Periodicum Biologorum, 102: 365-371.#
80. Khaled, A., 2004. Heavy metals concentrations in certain tissues of five commercially important fishes from El-mex Bay, Alexandria, Egypt, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, from El-Mex Bay, Al-Exandria, Egypt, 1- 11PP.#
81. Karbasi, A.R.; Nabi-Bidhendi, Gh.R.; Bayati, I., 2005. Environmental geochemistry of heavy metal in a sediment core off Bushehr, Persian Gulf, Iran. Journal of Environment Health science Engineering, 2: 255-260.#
82. Lionetto, M.G.; R. Caricato, M.E.; Giordano, M.F.; Pascariello, L.; Mar-inosci T.; Schettino., 2003. Integrated use of biomarkers (acetylcholinesterase and antioxidant enzymes activities) in Mytilus galloprovincialis and Mullus barbatus in an Italian coastal marine area. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46:324-330.#
83. Machiwa, J.F., 1992. The anthropogenic pollution in the Dar es Sa-laam harbour are Tanzania. Marine Pollution Bulletine, 24: 562-567.#
84. Mirza, R.; Mohammady, M.; Faghiri, I.; Abedi, E.; Fakhri, A.; Azimi, A.; Zahed, M.A., 2014. Source identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediment samples from the northern part of the Persian Gulf, Iran. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 186: 7387-7398.#
85. Nies, D.H., 1999. Microbial heavy metal resistance. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 51: 730-750.#
86. MOOPAM., 2003. Manual of oceanographic observations and pollutant analyses methods. ROPME. State of the marine environment report. Regional organization for the protection of marine environment, Kuwait, 217P.#
87. ROPME., 1999. Regional report of the state of the marine environment, ROPME/GC-9/002. ROPME, Kuwait, 220P.#
88. Rumisha, C.; Elskens, M.; Leermakers, M.; Kochizus, M., 2012. Trace metal pollution and its influence on the community structure of soft bottom molluscs in intertidal areas of the Dar es Salaam coast, Tanzania. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64: 521-531.#
89. Suzuki, N.; Koizumi, N.; Sano, H., 2001. Screening of cadmium-responsive genes in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Environment, 24: 1177-1188.#
90. Shulkin, V.M.; Presley, B.J., 2003. Metal concentration in mussel Crenomytillus grayanus and oyster Crassostrea gigas in relation to contamination of ambient sediment. Environment International, 29:493-502.#
91. Sidoumou, Z.; Gnassia-Barelli, M.; Siau, Y.; Morton, V.; Rome´o, M., 2006. Heavy metal concentrations in molluscs from the Senegal coast. Environment International, 32: 384-387.#
92. Topcuoglu, S.; Kırbasoglu, C.; Gungor, N., 2002. Heavy metals in organisms and sediments from Turkish coast of the Black Sea. Environment International, 27: 521-526.#
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Mirza R, Moeinaddini M. Contamination and Ecological Assessment of Heavy Metals (Hg, Cd, Pb, Ni, V, Cu) in Surface Sediments of Chabahar Bay. joc. 2017; 8 (31) :1-9
URL: http://joc.inio.ac.ir/article-1-1197-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 31 (Fall 2017) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی اقیانوس شناسی Journal of Oceanography
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